In this challenge, we will design, create and test a logic gates circuit to control a traffic lights made of 3 LEDs (Red Amber Green). This challenge is designed to be completed with a logic board such as the Logic & Arithmetic board designed by the University of Southampton and the UK Electronic Skills Foundation. You will be able to complete the circuit with just the Logic & Arithmetic board. However if you have access to breadboards and LEDs you will be able to create your own Red Amber Green traffic lights for a more realistic output.
Alternatively, if you do not have access to a physical kit, you can still complete this challenge using the logic.ly online logic gates circuit simulator.
Traffic Lights Sequence
A UK Traffic Lights follows a sequence of four different states:
In order to design a logic gates circuit for our traffic lights system we will need a circuit with two inputs (J and K) and 3 outputs (X, Y and Z). Our two inputs will give 4 different states to our circuit: 00, 01, 10 and 11. The following diagram shows the expected outputs for 4 possible states (input patterns):
Your first task is to use the above diagram to complete the Truth Table for our Traffic Light Controller system:
|Input J||Input K||Output X (Red)||Output Y (Amber)||Output Z (Green)|
Logic Gates Diagrams
Using the information from the completed Truth table we can then work out the logic gates circuits needed to control each output based on the two inputs J and K.
You can try to create this diagrams by yourself using logic.ly or our online Logic Gates Diagram designer tool.
Here are the individual diagrams:
Output X: Red Light:
Output Y: Red Light:
Output Z: Red Light:
All three diagrams can then be combined into a single diagram:
You can now recreate this circuit with your logic board:
Using RGB LEDs
The following diagram shows you how to connect your logic board to 3 LEDs on a breadboard.
Be careful when connecting your LEDs to detect where the anode and the cathode are on each LED:
Using Lego bricks…
You can also create your own traffic lights using Lego bricks and control them with your logic board!