# Random Odd and Even Numbers In this challenge we will focus on using the random library to generate random numbers in Python.

The randint() function is used to generate a random integer (whole number) within a given range.

The above code would generate a random number between 1 and 100.

The aim of this challenge is to write our own function called randomOddNumber() to generate a random odd number within a given range and a another function called randomEvenNumber() to generate a random even number. Both functions will take two parameters, the lower and higher values of the range.

#### Random Odd Number Functions

We will investigate three different algorithms to implement the randomOddNumber() function:
Method #1: SequencingMethod #2: IterationMethod #3: Selection
The first method is based on a sequencing algorithm. Here is the approach we will use:
To generate an odd number, let’s say between 0 and 100, we will first generate a random number between 0 and 49, then multiply this number by 2 (this will hence become an even number between 0 and 98) and finally we will add 1 to make it an odd number (between 1 and 99).

Python Code:

The second algorithm is based on a while loop (a form of iteration). With this approach we are generating a random number between 1 and 100. We will repeat this process as long as the number generated is even (not odd). A number is even if the remainder of dividing this number by two is zero.

Python Code:

Our third approach will be based on using an IF statement, a form of selection. We will generate a random number, check if this number is odd or even by checking whether the remainder of dividing this number by two is zero (for an even number) or 1 (for an odd number). If the number is even, we will add 1 to this number to change it to an odd number.

Python Code:

#### Random Even Number Functions

Your task consists of adapting the above three functions to create three additional functions, this time to generate random even numbers using all three methods/programming constructs: sequencing, selection and iteration.

#### Extension Task: Random Prime Number Function

For this more complex extension task, you will need to write a function called randomPrimeNumber() to generate a random prime number within a given range. This function will take two parameters: the lower and higher values of the range. #### Solution...

The solution for this challenge is available to full members!
Find out how to become a member:
Tagged with: